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Carbohydrates – diversity of function

Chemical structure of carbohydrates

The origin of the term

Glucose - isomer L and isomer D

Monosaccharides, disaccharides, polysaccharides

Monosaccharides

Disaccharides

Polysaccharides

Chemical structure of carbohydrates

Monosaccharides, disaccharides and polysaccharides

Simple sugars

Structural formula of monosaccharides – glucose

Monosaccharides groups

The formation of a glycoside bond

The products of hydrolysis of the disaccharides

Sucrose formation

Maltose formation

Lactose formation

Starch – the storage material

Structural formula of polysaccharides – glycogen

Glycogen – our energy reserve

Glycogen metabolism

Cellulose – a polysaccharide

Structural polysaccharides

Structural polysaccharides

Occurrence of carbohydrates